Saturday, November 28, 2009

Masjid Roma | Grand Mosque of Rome

The largest mosque in Europe is standing in the center of the Catholic world in which the Vatican is episentrumnya.Precisely in the area of Islamic Cultural Center in Rome. Rome mosque stood gracefully, careful research and a mature architectural concepts. The mosque is the main prayer hall contains 40 x 60 square meters which can accommodate 2500 audience, smaller prayer room capacity of 150 worshipers and spacious ablution space below the main prayer room.

Rome mosque domes covered with 20 meters in diameter and 16 more in the surrounding domes. Building support in the form of the letter H, the library comprises an area of 4000 m2, a classroom, conference room capacity of 400 people and exhibition space. On the plus 2 apartments for the priests, mosque officials, guests and visitors.

Mosque development which is dominated with yellow color is lasted from 1984-1992. King of Saudi Arabia, the late Faisal bin Abdul Azis assumed 40 thousand Muslims in Rome (in 1970) it was time to have their own mosque to quiet worship. This idea was presented at that time the Italian president, Geovanni Leone, during a visit to Saudi Arabia. The mosque can also be a medium of dialogue between religions and remove sentiment against Islam. In Rome there was a Jewish synagogue big enough. Leone received the proposal and they will provide the land. King Faisal provide funds approximately 30 million USD.

Building committee was formed immediately. Rome city council to ensure its location in the foothills of Monte Antenne area of 7.5 hectares. Italian Islamic Cultural Center held a design competition for architects. The winner, Paolo Portoghesi and Vittorio Gigliotti from Italy who worked on the interior and Sami Mousawi of Iraq, working on the exterior. In 1976 the plan has matured, but some Italian groups opposed its construction. They are not psychologically prepared to accept the presence of a mosque in their city. The issue of environmental sustainability, the Italian government issue of money pouring oil from Saudi Arabia was widely circulated in the media. Rolled into racial sentiments and death threats for Portoghesi and the mayor of Rome. Tensions subsided only after the Vatican declared full support that mosque construction. The Vatican called the Mosque of Rome is the catwalk stairs to the unification of the religion of Abraham in the world.

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What's Mosque?

A mosque is a place of worship for followers of Islam. The word entered the English language most likely through French (mosquée), from Spanish (mezquita), from Berber (tamezgida), ultimately originating in Arabic: masjid مسجد‎ — Arabic pronunciation: [ˈmæsdʒɪd].[1] The Arabic word masjid literally means a place of prostration.

The word "mosque" in English refers to all types of buildings dedicated for Islamic worship, although there is a distinction in Arabic between the smaller masjid dedicated for the daily five prayers and the larger masjid jāmi‘ (مسجد جامع) where the daily five prayers and the Friday congregation sermons are held with a high volume of attendance. The masjid jāmi‘ also plays more roles such as teaching Qur'an and educating future imams.